Articles (en)

SPARTE

SPARTE, a FET-H2020 European project, focuses on the detection and activity measurement of tracers related to the nuclear field. Thus, the detection of the elements 85Kr, 133Xe, 3H, 37Ar presenting mainly beta decays is particularly targeted. SPARTE aims at realizing and implementing a radically new detection technique based on high porosity scintillator materials such as aerogels and MOFs (Metal-Organic-Frameworks) designed to enhance the gas-scintillator material interaction. These materials, once optimized, will combine a very fast, efficient and isotropic scintillation, with high sensitivity allowing, beyond detection, to set up metrological methods for low radioactive activities. Dr Benoît Sabot of LNE-LNHB/LMA is in charge of the Work Package dedicated to metrology and the development of instrumentation using these porous scintillators for the reference measurement of radioactive gases.

https://www.sparte-project.eu/

ICRM-LLRMT 2020

 
The LNHB will attend the 8th International Conference on Radionuclide Metrology – Low-Level Radioactivity Measurement Techniques (ICRM-LLRMT) hosted by INFN-LNGS on 2-6 May 2022, at Gran Sasso National Laboratory in Assergi, Italy.

 

LSC 2020

 
The LNHB attended the 24th International Conference on Advances in Liquid Scintillation Spectrometry (LSC 2020) organized by Shenzhen Technology University on 18-20 October 2021, on-line and off-line in Chengdu or Shenzhen, China.

ALTECH 2021

The LNHB attended the ALTECH 2021 symposium « Analytical techniques for precise characterization of nano materials » in the framework of the European Materials Research Society (EMRS) Spring Meeting, from May 31 to June 3rd, 2021

Beta spectra measurement
good practice guides and data available

The EMPIR MetroBeta project (15SIB10), coordinated by the LNHB, was completed in 2019. It developed new approaches for measuring beta radiation, ensuring more efficient use of these radiations in applications such as medical diagnostics, nuclear energy management, environmental protection and even neutrino detection in astrophysics (https://www.euramet.org/?news=40%3A1005).

The spectra of the beta-emitting radionuclides and the associated shape factor have been determined with an unprecedented level of accuracy through a combination of theoretical and experimental approaches. The project has also implemented new techniques for detecting beta radiation that allow its energy to be measured more accurately.

The project consortium has published several good practice guides useful for laboratories wishing to implement the various detection technologies developed: magnetic metallic calorimeters, measurement of beta spectra by Si(Li) or solid scintillator crystals.

The data resulting from this project: the BetaShape code for calculating the shape of beta spectra (http://www.lnhb.fr/rd-activities/spectrum-processing-software/) and the spectra themselves (http://www.lnhb.fr/nuclear-data/nuclear-data-table), are also accessible to the entire scientific community.

The complete project description (programme, partners, etc.) as well as the list of publications and presentations, the transcripts of the workshops and the best practice guides can be consulted and downloaded from the dedicated website: http://metrobeta-empir.eu/.

New instrument for comparing primary standards
of pure β-emitting radionuclides

New instrument in BIPM laboratory

This new reference system represents a major breakthrough to ensure the international traceability of the measurements of beta emitting radionuclides.

It is the result of a project conducted under the auspices of the Consultative Committee for Ionizing Radiation. This project brought together experts from the BIPM and various National Metrology Institutes: P. Cassette (LNHB, France), R. Broda (Polatom, Poland), S. Jerome (NPL, UK), K. Kossert (PTB, Germany), H. Liu (NIM, China).

The latest validation studies have been published: Coulon R.M., Broda R., Cassette P., Courte S., Jerome S., Judge S., Kossert K., Liu H., Michotte C., Nonis M. The international reference system for pure β-particle emitting radionuclides: an investigation of the reproducibility of the results, Metrologia, 2020, DOI

More information on BIPM website.

Additive manufacturing at the service of the LNHB

Additive manufacturing (3D printing) technologies have greatly evolved in recent years and are now readily available. Since 2017, the LNHB has been equipped with two 3D printers (manufactured in France by VOLUMIC 3D) in order to take advantage of this technology for various developments in the laboratory.

Additive manufacturing lab at the LNHB


The most important improvement has been the production of support rings for X/γ spectrometry sources; in particular for the SG500 geometry whose positioning has now been greatly improved. The relative standard uncertainty on the SG500 efficiency curve has been reduced from 5% to 1.6% in the energy range from 30 to 2000 keV. The 3D printers now in operation at the LNHB mean that simple supports can be manufactured rapidly, adapted to the various measurement requests for calibration services or within the framework of our research. The delay and cost for the provision of these supports have been significantly reduced. Previously one month was required for a machining service (administrative and manufacturing delay), whereas using our own 3D printing laboratory, this has been reduced to only a few hours, for a cost of a few cents.

A facility for the production of radioactive gas atmospheres

Setting up a facility for the production of radioactive gas atmospheres (H, Kr, Xe, Rn…) for the development and calibration of measurement devices.

A facility for the production of radioactive gas atmospheres for a mixture of isotopes or for a single gas has been designed and is now operational at the LNHB.

It can operate in a pressure range from vacuum to 2 000 hPa, with a temperature range from 18°C to 60°C and a humidity range from 0 to 100% RH. It is possible in this range of conditions to create radioactive gas atmospheres with activities below 1 Bq/m3 up to several MBq/m3, while ensuring the traceability of mixtures using primary standard measurement methods.

The facility was entirely created at the LNHB, which will allow for easy modification and future developments. It can be controlled both manually and also by computer via LabVIEW or Arduino board, which is necessary for the acquisition of the large amount of experimental data. Thanks to this facility, many projects in collaboration with other CEA laboratories, as well as external laboratories, have been started.

Experimental facility for the production of reference atmosphere of radioactive gases (Rn, Xe, Kr, and H isotopes)
B. Sabot, M. Rodrigues, S. Pierre, Applied Radiation and Isotopes 155, 108934 (2020)
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2019.108934

DORN, the French instrument of the Chang’e 6 lunar mission

The lander of China’s Chang’e 6 space mission to the Moon will be equipped with the DORN instrument dedicated to radon measurement. Its launch is scheduled for 2023.
Objectives: to study the outgassing of the regolith but also the transport of this radioactive gas in the Moon’s exosphere with possible extrapolations to other species such as water.

DORN will be realized at the Research Institute of Astrophysics and Planetology IRAP (University of Toulouse III, CNRS, CNES) under the supervision of CNES, in collaboration with CEA (including LNE-LNHB), SUBATECH, Arronax PIG and, abroad, with the support of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Beijing University of Geosciences, the Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel and the Planetary Science Institute in the United States.

More information on CNES website.

2019 – International Year of the Periodic Table


The Periodic Table of Chemical Elements is one of the most significant achievements in science, capturing the essence not only of chemistry, but also of physics and biology.

1869 is considered as the year of discovery of the Periodic System by Dmitri Mendeleev. 2019 will be the 150th anniversary of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements and has therefore been proclaimed the “International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements (IYPT2019)” by the United Nations General Assembly and UNESCO.

Discover everything about IYPT2019 on https://www.iypt2019.org/